Fire protection Lithium-ion for energy storage systems (ESS) and battery energy storage systems (BESS) applications
Certified Fire management system for Lithium-ion
AF-X Fireblocker Condensed Aerosol Fire Fighting is a Certified Fire protection Lithium-ion solution for energy storage systems (ESS) and battery energy storage systems (BESS) applications. This includes applications in buildings, containers and in cabinets.
Due to technological developments in recent years, the demand for lithium-ion batteries has increased enormously. The demand for lithium-ion batteries will therefore only increase. Consider more and more electronic devices that use a (lithium-ion) battery for longer and longer.
A major disadvantage in this development is the fire risk of a lithium-ion battery. This has already had a significant impact on the transport and storage of lithium-ion batteries. IATA (International Air Transport Association), among others, is struggling with a major transport problem.
The active anode material contains carbon in the form of graphite. This is applied to copper foil. There are three types of anode materials: (artificial and natural) graphite, (hard and soft) carbon and alloys.
Cathode materials use lithium transition metal oxides. Herein lithium and the metals are the positive ions and the oxide the negative ion.
An electrolyte is a mixture of lithium salts, organic solvents and additives. The electrolyte serves as a transport medium for the lithium ions. During the charging process, lithium ions leave the cathode and travel trough the electrolyte to the anode. In doing so, they pass the separator. During discharge, the ions return to the cathode. The ion transport makes the electric current possible.
The separator is a porous membrane of polyethylene or polypropylene that separates the cathode from the anode and thus prevents short circuits. It is placed in the electrolyte solution.
High fire risk
The bursting of cells due to heating and ignition of the liquid electrolyte is the greatest risk of starting a fire. Too fast release of the stored chemical energy, due to a technical defect, also causes the release of thermal energy, which can cause a short circuit or the emission of electrolytes. The battery can then thermally runaway (thermal runaway), which is caused by, for example, this internal short circuit.
Because lithium in combination with water produces a highly explosive gas, conventional extinguishing systems that use water are not suitable for fighting a lithium fire.
Fire Suppression effect of an aerosol extinguishing system on Lithium-ion
Once activated, the aerosol fire extinguisher initiate a reaction in which the released aerosol binds the free radicals.
The dry compound used in AF-X Nano generators is Potassium based (K). The aerosol compound binds quicker with the unstable free radicals O (oxygen) & H (hydrogen) than a fire reaction. Forming stable products such as KOH (making unstable radicals, stable).
Certificate of the AF-X Fireblocker suppressing Lithium-ion fires
The AF-X Fireblocker is been tested and certified for effectiveness in suppressing Li-ion battery fires. As it turned out, the AF-X Fireblocker was able to successfully suppress battery fires by successfully blocking the thermal runaway proces. This proofs that AF-X Fireblocker fire protection Lithium-ion is a suitable solution.
KIWA 𝘩𝘢𝘴 𝘥𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘥 𝘢 𝘤𝘦𝘳𝘵𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘦𝘴𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘦𝘧𝘧𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘷𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘴𝘴 𝘰𝘧 𝘧𝘪𝘳𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘴𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴 𝘶𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘭𝘪𝘵𝘩𝘪𝘶𝘮-𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘣𝘢𝘵𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘺 𝘴𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘢𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘴. 𝘛𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘚𝘱𝘦𝘤𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤 𝘊𝘦𝘳𝘵𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘗𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 𝘚𝘊𝘗05 𝘪𝘴 𝘥𝘪𝘳𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘭𝘺 𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘬𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘉𝘙𝘓-𝘒21045 𝘍𝘪𝘳𝘦 𝘗𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘚𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴.
𝘛𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘴𝘱𝘦𝘤𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤 𝘤𝘦𝘳𝘵𝘪𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 𝘩𝘢𝘴 𝘣𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘥𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘹𝘵 𝘰𝘧:
– PGS 37 – 𝘎𝘶𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘦 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘚𝘢𝘧𝘦 𝘚𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘌𝘭𝘦𝘤𝘵𝘳𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘪𝘯 𝘌𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘚𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘚𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴;
– NFPA 855 – 𝘚𝘵𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘢𝘳𝘥 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘐𝘯𝘴𝘵𝘢𝘭𝘭𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘚𝘵𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘳𝘺 𝘌𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘚𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘚𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴;
– UL 9540A – 𝘐𝘯𝘴𝘵𝘢𝘭𝘭𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘭𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭 𝘵𝘦𝘴𝘵𝘴 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘰𝘶𝘵𝘥𝘰𝘰𝘳 𝘭𝘪𝘵𝘩𝘪𝘶𝘮 -𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘴𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘦 𝘴𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴 𝘮𝘰𝘤𝘬𝘶𝘱𝘴.
These tests have been successfully performed and documented in collaboration with the Peutz fire laboratory & Kiwa Fire Safety & Security. The extensive Peutz and Kiwa test reports and certificates can be requested from us.
Extra protection time after activation
The fire extinguishing systems of AF-X ensures that the aerosol floats homogeneously in the protected area for at least 60 minutes (extendable to 2 hours). With AF-X Fireblocker fire protection you do not have to worry that re-ignition may occur.
It doesn’t requires special conditions
We have different sizes non-pressurized aerosol fire suppression generators that can mounted in the protected area. No separate space for gas bottles, drip trays or water storage. All these additional costs are eliminated when choosing an AF-X Fireblocker aerosol installation.
Easy installation & low maintenance ensures low costs
The fire extinguishing system with AF-X Fireblocker are easy to install and requires only visual maintenance. The generators are being activated by an electrical ignitor. Meaning no piping and only electrical wiring to make a system. (E-Installer)
The AF-X Fireblocker has a lifespan of 15 years and therefore has a low TCO (Total Cost of Ownership).
Fire protection at the source in individual electrical or HVAC compartments
Because the aerosol is a solid, we can produce the AF-X Fireblocker in any desired format. This makes the AF-X Fireblocker also suitable for “source” fire protection. For example, the AF-X Fireblocker can be placed in control cabinets, distribution boxes or HVAC compartments
A few things we’re great at with fire protection Lithium-ion
The fight against fire has been fundamentally improved by the use of the aerosol fire extinguishing systems. The dry aerosol is a solid that, once activated, blocks the fire in its origin.
– Zero Ozone Depletion Potential
– Zero Global Warming Potential
– Negligible Atmospheric Lifetime
– No gas
– It doesn’t use water
– nor affects oxygen levels
– 15 year life-span
– Investment costs are lower
(No structural adjustments)
– It’s easier to maintain than traditional systems
– Simplicity, Plug & Play, Compact
– Fully Certified
More Easy to Install
– It’s easier and faster to install
– It doesn’t requires special conditions:
– No water-pressure, No water-access or water-storage
– No seperated room for gas-cylinders, No piping